ASAP-East Africa




Kampala has experienced rapid development over the last decade. Whilst the city has a comparatively small urban population compared to East African neighbours, it has one of the highest average annual population growth rates in Africa.

The population has increased from 95,000 in 1950 to 2,012,000 in 2015. UN-HABITAT estimates that by 2030 the population will grow to 3,939,000 (ca. 103% increase in population). The city is home to 31.5% of Uganda’s urban population. Data for urban agglomeration population density is missing.

Kampala faces numerous urbanisation challenges including a rapidly growing population, the influence and intervention of the national government in city management, limited institutional capacity and financial resources to provide urban service. Motorisation rates are intermediate in Kampala compared to other study cities.

What is the air quality now in Kampala?

Air Quality of Kampala in 3 charts

Kampala Visibility.PNG

Visibility data, routinely recorded at airports worldwide, allows for analysis of past patterns of PM air pollution. Lower visibility indicates higher PM concentrations. A clear trend of decreasing annual visibility (0.4 km/year) was observed in Kampala between 1981 and 2019. Findings suggest that visibility decreased by 65% during this period.

Kampala Pop growth.PNG

The population of Kampala grew by 111 % (1990-2010) with an additional 2.3 million city residents estimated by 2030. National GDP grew by 502 % (1990-2017).

Kampala US EPA.PNG

Current air quality levels (US EPA) range between 61 µg/m3 (unhealthy) and 172 µg/m3 (very unhealthy) over a 48 hour period 23rd – 25th February 2019 (the most recent data available).