Tackling the Challenges of Urban air Pollution
Linking Research and Policy for Air Quality Improvement
Indian Habitat Centre: Delhi, India: 6th - 7th March 2019
Air pollution is a global environmental health threat contributing to an estimated three million deaths per year worldwide (Lelieveld et al., 2015). The Global Burden of Disease project (World Bank & IHME, 2016) estimates a figure for premature deaths closer to 5.5 million (one in every ten and the fourth highest factor for causing early death). The most extreme estimates are presented by the World Health Organisation, reporting that in 2012 seven million people died - one in eight of total global deaths - as a result of air pollution exposure (WHO, 2014).
The effects of air pollution on human health are well documented in a range of epidemiological studies; exposure increases the risk of lung cancer, heart disease, bronchitis and other cardiorespiratory conditions (Kelly & Fussell, 2015). The economic cost of this health loss is also significant, the World Bank estimates that globally in 2013 air pollution led to an estimated $5.11 trillion in welfare losses, and $225 billion in lost labour income (World Bank & IHME, 2016). The World Bank concludes that air pollution “is not just a health risk but also a drag on development…By causing illness and premature death, air pollution reduces the quality of life. By causing a loss of productive labour, it also reduces incomes” (IBID: 2).
Links to key documents:
Air Quality Briefing Notes (click on location):
Vulnerability Scoping Studies: Air Pollution and Tourism in Ahmedadbad