ASAP-East Africa

Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa.jpg

Addis Ababa is the largest city in Ethiopia, and its political and administrative capital. It is one of the fastest growing cities in Africa.

The population increased from 392,000 in 1950 to 3,316,000 in 2015. UN-HABITAT estimates that by 2030 the population will grow to 5,851,000 (ca. 80% increase in population). The city is home to ca. 21% of Ethiopia’s urban population. Urban population density (population/km²) is 8,300/km².

Addis Ababa faces several urbanisation challenges including uncontrolled city expansion, rural land conversion, informal transformation of the urban periphery, coordination and equity of city renewal initiatives and city management.

What are the pollution levels today? Look on the Real- time Air Quality Index:

Addis Abba Air Quality in 3 charts:

Addis Visability.PNG

Visibility data, routinely recorded at airports worldwide, allows for analysis of past patterns of PM air pollution. Lower visibility indicates higher PM concentrations. A clear trend of decreasing annual visibility (0.34 km/year) was observed in Addis Abba between 1973 and 2019. Findings suggest that visibility decreased by 38 % during this period.


Current air quality levels (US EPA) range between 34 µg/m3 (moderate) and 82 µg/m3 (unhealthy) over a 48 hour period 23rd – 25th February 2019 (the most recent data available).

Addis Pop growth.PNG

The population of Addis Abba grew by 63 % (1990-2010) with an additional 2.3 million city residents estimated by 2030. National GDP grew by 561 % (1990-2017).